Important Info & Articles
What is Inclusion?
Inclusion is a term which expresses commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and the classroom he or she would otherwise attend. The child should receive services inside the regular education classroom when appropriate and outside the regular education classroom only when services cannot be provided in the classroom.
Does Federal Law Require Inclusion?
No. Two federal laws govern education of children with disabilities. Neither requires inclusion, but does require that a significant effort be made to find an inclusive placement. The law requires that children with disabilities be educated “to the extent appropriate” in the “least restrictive environment.” In developing the Individual Education Program (IEP) for a child with disabilities, the law requires the IEP team to consider placement in the regular education classroom as the point in determining the appropriate placement for the child. If the IEP team determines the “least restrictive environment” appropriate for a particular child is NOT the regular education classroom for all or part of the IEP, the IEP must include an explanation in the IEP as to why the regular education classroom is not appropriate.
What is the difference between a 504 Plan and an IEP?
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Education. Section 504 establishes a student’s right to full access and participation to education and all school-related activities and requires schools to provide appropriate accommodations to meet the individual needs of qualified students. An IEP is a written document for a child with a disability who is eligible for special education in accordance with IDEA. A 504 Plan describes how the district will support the student to provide access to school programs, where an IEP outlines the specific special education services a student is eligible for and will receive.
What is a TPG?
A TPG is a transition planning guide for students 14 ½ years and older. It is used to prepare a student from high school to either the workforce or to post-secondary education.
Can I request an additional IEP meeting?
Yes, by law IEP meetings must occur no less than once per year. Additional IEP meetings may occur whenever necessary.
Can I bring additional people to the IEP meeting?
Yes, a parent may bring other individuals who have knowledge or special expertise regarding the child, as determined by the party who invites the individual to the meeting.
Home/Hospital services are provided to a student when a licensed medical physician determines that the student will or is anticipated to, due to a medical condition, be out of school for a minimum of two consecutive weeks of school (10 days) or more or on an ongoing intermittent basis.
Section 14-13.01(a) of the School Code indicates that a homebound or hospitalized student is unable to attend school due to a condition certified by a medical physician’s statement that indicates that the student will or is anticipated, due to the student’s medical condition, to be out of school for a minimum of two consecutive weeks of school (10 days) or more or on an “ongoing intermittent basis.”
An “ongoing intermittent basis” means that the student’s medical condition is of such a nature or severity that it is anticipated that the student will be absent from school due to the medical condition for periods of at least 2 days at a time multiple times during the school year totaling at least 10 days or more of absences.
The below information must be included in a physician’s certification for home/hospital instruction:
Student’s name and date of birth
Physician’s name and contact information
Be completed by a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches
Specify the student’s current medical condition
Describe the impact of the student’s medical condition on his/her ability to participate in education (including physical and mental level of tolerance for school)
State anticipated duration or nature of the student’s absence from school
State whether there is any reason the student cannot receive 5 or more hours of home instruction per week, and if so, why
Physician’s signature and date